The Kabobo massif is the largest, isolated area of montane forest in Eastern DRC, it stretches for about 100 km along the western shore of the Lake Tanganyika and is naturally separated from the Itombwe massif to the north, by a 50 km wide savannah through which crosses the Kilombwe River, making it an area of potential high species endemism, as the savannah could constitutes a barrier to dispersal both for forest associated bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species. Given its size, isolation and geographic location it could therefore represent an area of outstanding biological value and conservation importance at global scale. Since the 1960s it has been the hideout of armed militias who have been fighting against the government and it has remained largely unexplored till recently. Despite the still scarce information on its biodiversity, the region, based on data collected during the 50s of the last century, has been identified as an important bird area.