Kabobo massif stretches for about 100 km along the western shore of the Lake Tanganyika and it has been naturally separated from northern forests for at least 10,000 years. This region has been identified as an important bird area and It also contains threatened large mammals such as elephants, Chimpanzee, Lion, Hippopotamus as well as other large mammals such as Buffalo, Bongo, Red River Hog and Giant Forest Hog.

In 2008 WCS undertook a socioeconomic survey of the communities living around the Kabobo massif and showed that people were very poor, even in comparison with most communities in eastern DR Congo. This survey also asked questions about the conservation of the forest. Most of the people interviewed were in favour of creating a protected area for the forest and 85-90% suggested that national park status would be preferable because it would bring development to their area. More recently, in order to grant access to forest resources to the local communities living along the boundaries of the protected area, seems that the establishment of a National Reserve could be the next step forward.