The Kabobo Massif consists of about 1000 km2 of sub-montane and montane rainforest ranging from about 770 to over 2700 m asl on the escarpment to the west of Lake Tanganyika. Because there is very little forest left within this altitudinal range in Africa, Kabobo is particularly valuable for the conservation of chimpanzees and other forest species occurring at medium elevation (Plumptre et al., 2008). Till the end of the last century, the last survey on vertebrates in the region was conducted by Prigogine in the 1950’s (Prigogine 1960), who documented the bird community and described one species new to science, the Kabobo Apalis (Apalis kaboboensis). As for mammals, the only information available were those of Prigogine’s list (1960) of large mammals and short notes on a single squirrel and single colobus monkey both collected by Prigogine (Kerbis et al., 2013) now known as Prigogine's black and white colobus monkey (Colobus angolensis prigoginei). The region is also known to be important for its populations Bongo, possibly a different subspecies, the Red Colobus (Pilocolobus oustaleti foai) which is also a subspecies confined to this region and several other large mammals, including Elephants (Loxodonta africana), Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), Lion (Panthera leo), Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) as well as other large mammals such as Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) (Plumptre et al., 2008; 2015). Civil war and insecurity from 1960 until 2007 prevented further work or its protection. More recently scientists from WCS have discovered four small mammal species, including two bats, a bird and three plants, including a new species of wild ginger, called Aframomum ngamikkense, confined to the higher altitudes of the forest between 1,500-2000 meters (Kerbis et al., 2013; Fisher et al., 2017). To date, a total of 562 terrestrial vertebrate species and 1413 plant species have been documented for the Kabobo Massif and the neighbouring Luama landscape.